Harare is the capital and most populous city in Zimbabwe, with nearly 3 million people in the metropolitan area and millions more in the region. The city was originally founded as Fort Salisbury in 1890, but was renamed to Harare in 1982.
The two largest ethnic groups in Zimbabwe are Shona and Ndebele. Shona language is the most widely spoken, and Ndebele language is second. English is the official language and traditionally used for official business. There are also 13 minor languages spoken: Chewa, Chibarwe, Kalanga, Koisan, Nambya, Ndau, Shangani, sign language, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda, and Xhosa). The average age in Zimbabwe is 21 years old, and over 86% of the population can read and write in English. The majority of people earn a living through agriculture (66%), services (24%) and industry (10%).
Land and Climate
Situated at a reasonably high altitude on the Highveld plateau, the city of Harare maintains a pleasant, subtropical climate. Woodlands and natural vegetation make up the Harare landscape. In June, the average high is 21.8 °C (71.2°F) and the average low is 6.8 °C (44.2°F).
Harare is Zimbabwe's leading financial, commercial, and communications center, and a trade center for tobacco, maize, cotton, and citrus fruits. Manufactured goods include textiles, steel and chemicals. Mining industry for Zimbabwe includes: coal, gold, platinum, copper, nickel, tin, diamonds and clay.