Ogbomosho is in the southwestern state of Oyo, Nigeria and some 80 miles north of Lagos. Founded in the mid-17th century, it remained a minor outpost of the Yoruba Oyo empire until the beginning of the Muslim Fulani conquests of Oyo in the early 19th century. By surviving the Fulani onslaught, the walled town attracted many Oyo refugees and became one of the largest Yoruba settlements. Ogbomosho has about 257 surrounding villages and emerging towns which amalgamated to the rulership of Soun.
Ogbomosho is also home to the three institutions of higher learning, and the Bowen University Teaching Hospital Ogbomosho (BUTH) a first-class Christian Teaching Hospital marked by excellence and godliness for the training of doctors and other medical professionals founded in in 1907!
Most of the adults seem to spend their time living outside their houses, with their children playing around them among the goats and chickens that frequently try to “play with the traffic” that hurtles along the rather dilapidated roads. Now one of the nation’s largest urban centers, Ogbomosho is inhabited mainly by Yoruba farmers, traders, and artisans. The town is justifiably proud of its university, and also the impressive Medical Training Centre, hospital, schools and Theological Seminary.
Land and Climate
Ogbomosho lies on the plateau of Yorubaland (elevation 1,200 feet [366 m]) in an area of savanna and farmland and at the intersection of roads from Oyo, Ilorin, Oshogbo, and Ikoyi. The warmest time of year is generally early to mid-March with highs of 97F (36°C) and lows rarely dropping below 78°F (25.6°C) at night.
Yams, cassava (manioc), corn (maize), and sorghum are grown for export to the cacao-producing areas of Yorubaland to the south; teak is also exported, and tobacco is cultivated for the cigarette factory at Ibadan, 58 miles (93 km) south-southeast. Locally grown cotton is used for weaving aso oke, the traditional Yoruba cloth; Ogbomosho weavers also make sanyan, a cloth woven from silk brought from Ilorin (32 miles northeast). The indigo dyeing of the cloth is performed exclusively by women.
Although the craft of wood carving has declined, the town is known for its early wood artifacts and for its unique koso drums. Ogbomosho serves as a staging point and market for cattle, and it has a government livestock station. The town also has a shoe and rubber factory. Local trade is primarily in staple crops, palm oil, kola nuts, beans, fruits, and cotton.
Sources: https://www.britannica.com/place/Ogbomosho ; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ogbomosho